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What is autism?

Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a neurological and developmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior. It is considered a "spectrum" disorder because the symptoms and severity can vary widely from person to person.


Some common characteristics of autism include difficulty with social interaction, such as difficulty making and maintaining eye contact, initiating or responding to social cues, and engaging in reciprocal conversation. People with autism may also engage in repetitive behaviors or have specific interests that they focus on intensely.


Autism is typically diagnosed in early childhood, although some individuals may not receive a diagnosis until later in life. The exact cause of autism is not yet fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.


It's important to note that autism is not a disease, and there is no "cure" for it. However, early intervention and appropriate therapies can help individuals with autism develop communication and social skills and improve their overall quality of life.

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